The Sega Genesis (known as the Mega Drive in most regions outside North America) is a 16-bit home video game console which was developed and sold by Sega Enterprises, Ltd. Sega first released the console as the Mega Drive in Japan in 1988, followed by a North American debut under the Genesis moniker in 1989. 

Contributing to its success were its library of arcade game ports, the popularity of the Genesis-exclusive Sonic the Hedgehog series, several popular sports game franchises, and aggressive youth marketing that positioned the system as the cool console for adolescents.  Controversy surrounding violent titles led Sega to create the Videogame Rating Council, a predecessor to the Entertainment Software Rating Board. Sega sold 30.75 million units worldwide. 

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